The Euroslag Association has shown that converted lime from steel slag is suitable for several kinds of soils. In this paper, the common ways of resource utilization of steel slag in construction, agriculture, industry, and catalysis are reviewed. 2008-Apr. Improves ripening in later growth stages. LD steel slag as fertilizer in agriculture. Because blast furnace slag contains fertilizer components CaO, SiO 2, and MgO, it is used in rice cultivation as calcium silicate fertilizer.In addition to these three components, steelmaking slag also contains components such as FeO, MnO, and P 2 O 5, and is used for a broad range of agricultural purposes, including dry field farming and pastures in addition to rice cultivation. Downloadable! Curr World Environ 2014;9(1) DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12944/CWE.9.1.31, Humaria M. S. Y. Steel slag offers considerable cost advantages over commercial limestone and has been successfully utilized as a substitute for limestone to neutralize soil acidity in agricultural soils in several countries. The integrated steel plants in the country generate large volumes of steel slag having more than 50% of free lime. They are non-metallic rock-like materials which are produced together with the metallic products of these processes. These materials pose environmental pollution in the nearby locality because many of them are nonbiodegradable. Through an in-depth study on steel slag, it is apparent that it has been widely used in various fields in recent years. (715-720), ISSN 1560-8530, Peregrina, F.; Mariscal, I.; Ordonez, R.; Gonzalez, P.; Terefe, T.; and Espejo, R Agronomic Implications of Converter Basic Slag as a Magnesium Source on Acid Soils..Soil Science Society of America Journal 72(2): 402-411. www.nationalslag.org/.../nsa_185-5_bf_slag_as_agricultural_liming_mat, http://www.intechopen.com/books/material-recycling-trends-and-perspectives/possible-uses-of-steelmaking-slag-in-agriculture-an-overview, Aarabi-Karasgani, M., Rashchi, F., Mostoufi, N. &Vahidi, E. (2010). Steel Slag Price - Select 2020 high quality Steel Slag Price products in best price from certified Chinese Steel Slag Pot manufacturers, Cast Steel Slag Ladle suppliers, wholesalers and … The efforts have been made in Tata steel that LD slag after grinding to 300 mesh, can be used as a soil conditioner in paddy field, tea gardens etc (Basu et al., 2002). Disposal of different wastes produced from different Industries is a great problem for any country. 1Kolhan University, Chaibasa, Jharkhand India . Possible Uses of Steelmaking Slag in Agriculture: An Overview The government is particularly interested in using slag in areas with acidic soils, mostly in the eastern part of the country where productivity is lower, according to the Financial Express newspaper. Steelmaking slag is an integral part of the steelmaking process. &Shahram, S.H. Iron and steelmaking slags (ferrous slags) are co-products of the iron and steel making industry. Impact of Iron and Steel Slag on Crop Cultivation: A Review. Correction, Retraction, Withdrawal policies, Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement, Publication ethics and malpractice statement, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, Need of Biomedical Waste Management System in Hospitals - An Emerging issue - A Review, Lockdown Due to COVID-19 Pandemic Improves Overall Air Quality: An Evidence Based Study from Siliguri Metropolitan, West Bengal, India, Rainfall Runoff Modeling Using MIKE 11 NAM Model, Considering the Five Senses in Architecture, Multimedia: A Technique in Teaching Process in the Classrooms, Types of Dampers and their Seismic Performance During an Earthquake, Environmental Perspectives of Pond Ecosystems: Global Issues, Services and Indian Scenarios, Prayagraj: Air Pollution Profile and Policy Recommendations, 100 Most Cited Articles in Urban Green and Open Spaces: A Bibliometric Analysis, Green Banking for Environmental Management: A Paradigm Shift, improving harvest quantities, appearance, and flavour. Publish History, Enviro Research Publishers, 14 Green House, Prince Colony, Shahjahanabad, Bhopal-462 001, Madhya Pradesh, India, Copyright 2021 © Current World Environment, Water Relations of Two Adjacently Growing Tree Species Shorea Robusta Gaertn-and Pinus Roxburbhii Sarg-in the Lower Himalayan Region. Depending on the iron and steel production process different slag types can be manufactured. Steelmaking slag deriving from BOF process (using the Linz-Donawitz (LD) converter) comes from the pig iron refining process, wh ich converts molten pig iron and steel scraps into high quality steel. Creates strong stems that resist collapse. 1-4, pp. Properties and Uses of Steelmaking Slag. The main problem concerning the utilization of steel slag in agriculture consists of the possible leaching of heavy metals. 102, No. The materials are used to maximise yields of cultivated crops and pasture, improve soil texture and neutralize high soil acidity. Application in agriculture Steel slag contains fertilizer components CaO, SiO 2 , and MgO. “The use of steel slag may be one of the most green solution which may avoid accumulation of large wastes in steel plants as well as help in treatment of soil for improving crop productivity at low cost,” the steel ministry said. (slag), generated by the production of iron/steel, draws more attention to the need to recycle them more efficiently. In addition to these three components, it also contains components such as FeO, MnO, and P 2 O 5 , so it has been used for a broad range of agricultural purposes. The results of the researchers with the use of steel slag in agriculture have demonstrated that the proper application of these residues brings benefits on the chemical attributes of the soil, such as increase of pH in acidic soils; increase in the nutrient content of phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium; and increase in the content of the beneficial element silicon [6, 11, 12, 13, 14]; these aspects contribute to greater … Silicate, lime, phosphate, and magnesia create healthy rice plants. Steel slag is by-product formed in the process of steel manufacturing. (Mar. Boosts root activity, reducing the wilting of lower leaves. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12944/CWE.9.1.31, Humaria M. S. Y. Creates a general soil fertilizer containing a good balance of various fertilizer components needed by crops, including silicate, iron oxide, lime, magnesia, phosphate, manganese, and boron. Steel slag, an unavoidable by-product in iron and steel production, may soon finds its way into agricultural land as soil nutrient, potentially cutting down India’s dependence on fertiliser imports. Blast furnace slag is made during the melting and reduction of iron […] Since 1880, steel slag was used as phosphate fertilizer because of the amount of high phosphorus ore in western Europe (Motz and Geiseler, 2001). Its alkaline property remedies soil acidity [67]. Steel slag as a solid waste with great development Promotes photosynthesis by improving light-receiving condition of leaves. 5, (2007), pp. The metals uptake by the plants is affected by the soil properties. Helps improve acidic and deteriorated soil, creating a well-balanced soil that not only improves alkalinity but also promotes the breakdown of organic substances. (2007). In recent years, several studies have revealed that the slag-based fertilizer amendment in agriculture has great promise to improve crop productivity (White et al., 2017; Gwon et al., 2018), alleviate soil acidification (Ning et al., 2016), mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Wang et al., 2015; Gwon et al., 2018), and stabilize heavy metals in contaminated soils (Ning et al., 2016), which … This review paper addresses the issuesto analyze the impacts of Iron and Steel slag on crop cultivation. Impact of Iron and Steel Slag on Crop Cultivation: A Review. In Europe, USA, Japan, China, Korea, and Hawai steel slag has been utilized in agriculture as a liming material for improving acid soil or as Si source for paddy rice Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. It is produced during the separation of the liquid steel from impurities in steelmaking furnace and is a non-metallic by-product of steelmaking process. 2008), Zhang XiangYu; Zhang Hua; He PinJing; Shao LiMing; Wang RuYi; and Chen RongHuanBeneficial reuse of stainless steel slag and its heavy metals pollution risk.Research of Environmental Sciences 21(4): 33-37. With the requirements of sustainable development in China, the utilization of steel slag has become a hot issue. In Europe, USA, Japan, China, Korea, and Hawai steel slag has been utilized in agriculture as a liming material for improving acid soil or as Si source for paddy rice and sugar cane plants. As early as the 1930s, steel slag was being used as an agricultural amendment in It might seem counter-intuitive, but steel slag has exactly the right chemical composition to do this. It appears in concrete, aggregate road materials, as ballast, and is sometimes used as a component of phosphate fertilizer. Leaching of vanadium from LD converter slag using sulfuric acid. Through an in-depth study on steel slag, it is apparent that it has been widely used in various fields in recent years. Steel slag is a large amount of residual material produced in the process of steel manufacturing. Steel LD slag can also be used in fertilizers for agricultural applications (Das et al., 2007). Slag is a byproduct of metal smelting, and hundreds of tons of it are produced every year all over the world in the process of refining metals and making alloys.Like other industrial byproducts, slag actually has many uses, and rarely goes to waste. 9, No. Iron oxides and manganese give vitality to roots. The resource utilization of steel slag is not only conducive to resource conservation, but also conducive to sustainable production and environmental protection. (Increases thousand kernel weight.). The use of steel slag in agriculture produces not only economic but also ecological advantages. Converter slag as a liming agent in the amelioration of acidic soils. 2.2 Steel slag and limespoil: production and chemistry 9 2.2.1 Steel slag 9 ... 2.4.2.2 Utilization in the agriculture and construction sectors 26 2.5 Mechanisms of trace element mobility in soils and waste systems 29 . Improves appearance quality, increasing the ratio of highest grade rice. India: The Ministry of Steel has asked that the Ministry of Agriculture examine using slag from steel and iron production as a fertilizer. Steel slag is a large amount of residual material produced in the process of steel manufacturing. Material Recycling - Trends and Perspectives, 2012, Use of Steel making Slag as a soil conditioner to improve the stability of soil for land development, Recycling and environmental issues of metallurgical slags and salt fluxes, Some environmental aspects of BF, EAF and BOF. India: The Ministry of Steel has asked that the Ministry of Agriculture examine using slag from steel and iron production as a fertilizer. Physical and chemical characterization of steel slag is a deciding factor of steel slag utilization as recycled raw material as road aggregate, cement … Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Steel slag is by-product formed in the process of steel manufacturing. Slag has been used in agriculture for some time, notably in the USA, Germany, and France, and it has proved both effective and cost-efficient. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, Vol. to Nippon Slag Association’s statistics on the use of slag in 2012, the total consumption of blast furnace and steelmaking slags for fer-tilizer and soil amendment was 260 000 tons. Available from: http://www.cwejournal.org/?p=5746, Download article (pdf) Citation Manager For example the Cr and V contents into potatoes are reduced in soils with higher content of organic matter and with a … The government is particularly interested in using slag in areas with acidic soils, mostly in the eastern part of the country where productivity is lower, according to the Financial Express newspaper. With the requirements of sustainable development in China, the utilization of steel slag has become a hot issue. Use of Steel Slag in Agriculture and for Reclamation of Acidic Lands Introduction This guide discusses the use of steel slag, a co-product of the steel making process, as a substitute for limestone for agricultural applications, and its use in reclamation of acidic lands. Most slags from steel pl ant derive from this pr ocess, with an average of 150-200 kg of slag generated per tonne of st eel produced. The physical and chemical characteristics of steel slag are summarized, and the pretreatment progress of steel slag in steel industries as recycled raw material was introduced. (2008); ISSN: 1001-6929. Slag is the glass-like by-product left over after a desired metal has been separated (i.e., smelted) from its raw ore.Slag is usually a mixture of metal oxides and silicon dioxide.However, slags can contain metal sulfides and elemental metals. The value of silicon (Si) application for rice (Oryzasativa) has been demonstrated when soil soluble Si is low.Impact of solid waste on crop cultivation depends on the availability and quantity of different constituents like PH, Ammonia, Nitrites, Nitrates, Permanganate Value (PV), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5 or BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Suspended Solids (TSS) and Turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) etcpresent in the solid waste.This has also been discussed in this review paper. Owing to its high Si content, the use of slag as silicate fertilizer is gaining demand. On the other hand, the increase of slags recovery and use in different fields of application, such as in agriculture, allowed to reduce landfill slags and to preserve natural resources. increases harvests by increasing the number of unshelled rice kernels and thousand kernel weight. Silicified cells form on leaf surfaces, preventing rice blight. Curr World Environ 2014;9(1). Effective in improving iron-poor soil (preventing root rot, leaf blight, and autumn paddy degradation). The increasing quantities of slag that are deposited on the land cause the removal of more and more lands from the agricultural circuit and an increse in the costs of recycling them. Although in recent years slag use has increased, the application for agriculture purposes needs to be further investigated. (14-21), ISSN 0304-386X, Ali, M.T. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. 2.2 Fertilizers made from blast furnace slag and steelmaking slag Iron and steel slag can largely be divided into blast furnace slag and steelmaking slag. In industrial countries, the use of steel slag in agriculture is mature (Wang and Qing, 2006). Hydrometallurgy, Vol. Especially in densely populated To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. 49M hectares of the country’s arable land has acidic soils from a total of 142M … In agriculture, slag aggregates (Ag-Slag) have been used as an agricultural liming material since the 1920's in all types of crop production and landscaping. can steel slag serve even partially as perlte /vermiculite in agriculture applications? Slag can be used as a soil conditioner (high content of Ca and Mg), Si supply (improves the crops resistance to pests and diseases), …