Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). n. A monk, nun, or oblate belonging to the Roman Catholic order founded by Saint Benedict of Nursia. The Rule of St. Benedict arose from an era when a great civilization was threatened by violence, economic forces that favored the wealthy, political leaders that lacked the trust of the public, and rampant xenophobia. Definition of Benedictine in the dictionary. It also elevated the dignity of manual labour in the service of God, long scorned by the elites of antiquity. ... ben-e-dik′tin, adj. The author, with characteristic […] Monks dressed in loose brown robes, tied at the waist with a cord. (ˌbɛnɪˈdɪktiːn) a greenish-yellow liqueur made from a secret formula developed at the Benedictine monastery at Fécamp in France in about 1510. 1 A monk or nun of an order following the rule of St. Benedict. The salient characteristics of monastic dress have always been sobriety and conservatism.…. ‘Orders of monks and nuns multiplied over the years: Benedictines, Dominicans, Cistercians, Augustinians, Carmelites and … The monastery, or abbey abbey, monastic house, especially among Benedictines and Cistercians, consisting of not less than 12 monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or … The addition of lay brothers tapped a large reservoir in an age of increased religious devotion and economic and population growth, and the organization of the order—which featured annual visitations and a general…. …constitution is based on the Rule of St. Benedict, was founded in Constantinople (now Istanbul) in 1701 by the Armenian priest Mekhitar Petrosian of Sivas. And the fourth kind is that of the monks called Girovagi, who are all their lives guests for three or four days at a time in the different groups of cells through the various provinces. BENEDICT, RULE OF. It doesn’t require balancing a ball on your nose. This tradition is guided by values distilled from the Rule of St. Benedict, written in the sixth century by St. Benedict, the founder of the Benedictine monastic order. The Rule is comprised of 73 short chapters, containing two kinds of wisdom: spiritual and administrative. He founded his own monastery in 529. Benedict's Rulestands tall in the great tradition of Christian monasticism. What made you want to look up Benedictine? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. About the Rule of Saint Benedict By Sr. JM McClure, OSB The Rule of St. Benedict This article, written by Sister Jane Michele McClure, OSB, originally appeared in Crossings , a tri-annual publication of the Sisters of St. Benedict of Ferdinand, Indiana. “Benedictine.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, The monastic rule of life drawn up by St. Benedict of Nursia. For centuries, Benedictine monks have embraced Benedict’s Rule as their guide to monastic life. Benedictine synonyms, Benedictine pronunciation, Benedictine translation, English dictionary definition of Benedictine. Prologue, Rule of St. Benedict Phone 65 .777.725 The Benedictine Center of St. Paul’s Monastery. These values give us a set of practices for a life modeled on Jesus. Accessed 1 Jan. 2021. The Rule of St. Benedict establishes a way of life rooted in the Gospel and grounded in the scriptural principles of charity, humility, stability, and faithfulness. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! RB is not written for monastic hermits, though Benedict has high regard for them; it is written for ordinary Christians who wish to immerse themselves in a pattern of living in which the life of Christ can be lived out with understanding … Benedictine monks live a monastic life with the purpose of glorifying God in all things. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. The Rule of Saint Benedict (Latin: Regula Sancti Benedicti) is a book of precepts written in 516 by Benedict of Nursia (c. AD 480–550) for monks living communally under the authority of an abbot. Meaning of Benedictine. Monks (men) - Benedictine Rule: A monk is a man who has chosen to devote his life to a certain discipline of prayer. Term. Later, in Chapter 7 of the Rule, we find that “The first step of humility, then, is that a man keeps the fear of God always before his eyes (Ps 35[36]:20) and never forgets it.” If we think that the Master wrote these Chapters, which is probable, and that the Master had this clear contradiction, then we must wonder why Benedict took it over. The Rule of Saint Benedict (Regula Benedicti) is a book of precepts written by St. Benedict of Nursia for monks living communally under the authority of an abbot. Benedict had begun his monastic life as a hermit, but he had come to see the difficulties and spiritual dangers of a…, …communal monasticism, beginning with the Rule of St. Benedict in the 6th century, enabled standardization to become possible. The rules he established were called Benedictine Rule. The Maurists excelled both as editors and as historians, and many of their texts remain the best available. By 800, abbeys existed throughout western Europe, and the observance of Benedict’s Rule was fostered by Charlemagne and, especially, his…, Benedict’s rule provided for a monastic day of work, prayer, and contemplation, offering psychological balance in the monk’s life. The Benedictine community is rooted in a particular place in which mutual service, especially in mundane everyday life, is demanded of all with no expectation of individual reward. It is a Christian rule in the sense that its spiritual doctrine picks up on the values of the Bible (e.g., prayer, fasting, service of neighbor) and arranges for a life in which these values can be lived out in community. Benedictine Rule. pertaining to St Benedict or his monastic rule. It sets forth an outline for Christian discipleship drawn from the heart of Jesus’ ministry. The exact time and place at which St. Benedict wrote his Rule are not known, nor can it be determined whether the Rule, as we now possess it, was composed as a single whole or whether it gradually took shape in response to the needs of his monks. (ˌbɛnɪˈdɪktɪn, -taɪn) a monk or nun who is a member of a Christian religious community founded by or following the rule of Saint Benedict. …Cîteaux, where they strictly followed St. Benedict’s Rule. Monks dressed in loose brown robes, tied at the waist with a cord. Monks (men) - Benedictine Rule: A monk is a man who has chosen to devote his life to a certain discipline of prayer. noun. Monastic dress included habit, girdle or belt, hood or cowl, and scapular (a long narrow cloth worn over the tunic). …wrote his rule, the so-called Benedictine Rule, c. 535–540 with his own abbey of Montecassino in mind. Prologue, Rule of St. Benedict. — Benedictine, n., adj. The term conversatio morum is found in chapter 58 of the Rule of St. Benedict. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 520 CE, a priest named Benedict built a monastery in Italy. Benedictinism 1. the rule for monastic life developed by St. Benedict, used by several religious orders. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Stability: The Benedictine Value of Locatedness | Benedictine Center […] rather than continually traveling on to somewhere else. The earliest chronicler says that when Monte Cassi… …to strict observance of the Benedictine Rule and especially to historical and ecclesiastical scholarship. Benedictine life is built around a fundamental discipline of prayer, work and relationships that is set forth in the Rule and that seeks to free a monastic to take delight in God's presence within the self, the community and the world. The Rule of Saint Benedict or Regula Benedict was written by Saint Benedict of Nurisa, the patron saint of Europe. Did you ever wonder who St. Benedict is, what his Rule is all about, and what this means for us as a Benedictine college? Read More In Roman Catholicism: Hermits and monks The Rule of St. Benedict was the standard monastic rule in the Western church by the 9th century, and it served as the basis for the later Cluniac and Cistercian reform movements. Post the Definition of Benedictine to Facebook, Share the Definition of Benedictine on Twitter. Driven from Constantinople in 1703, the Mechitarists moved to Modon in Morea (1703–15) and finally settled in 1717 on the island of San Lazzaro, Venice,…, The Benedictine Rule—initiated by St. Benedict of Nursia—succeeded in the West because of its simplicity and restraint; more formidable alternatives were available in the 6th century. They were pioneers in critical medieval history, and their work has attached the adjective “learned” to the Benedictines. The Rule of St. Benedict structures this for the monk. March 21 is the Feast of the Passing of St. Benedict. Benedict’s monastery at Monte Cassino, south…. The Rule of St. Benedict 3 dislike they esteem unlawful. It was the Rule of St. Benedict, derived from various and disparate sources, that provided for the monastic way of life a directory, at once practical and spiritual, that continued in force after 1,500 years. It is a challenge to contribute to a living, flesh-and-blood community on such terms. During the 1500 years of its existence, it has become the leading guide in Western Christianity for monastic living in community. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Byzantine Empire. The monk does not join an “order” but a…. Rule of St. Benedict, written in Beneventan script at Montecassino, Italy, late 11th century. Benedict's rule was in many ways novel in monastic life in replacing severity with moderation. Information and translations of Benedictine in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Abbot Benedict of Nursia, depicted in the act of writing the Benedictine Rule, painting by Herman Nieg, 1926; in the church of Heiligenkreuz Abbey near Baden bei Wien, Lower Austria. The monk needs time along and needs time in community. March 5, 2018. What does Benedictine mean? Basil. The Rule of St. Benedict was the standard monastic rule in the Western church by the 9th century, and it served as the basis for the later Cluniac and Cistercian reform movements. The entire document is less than a hundred pages., religious dress: Roman Catholic religious dress, Roman Catholicism: Religious orders: canons and monks, history of Europe: The organization of late imperial Christianity, Roman Catholicism: The concept of Christendom. Benedictine monks are a religious order of monks and nuns of the Roman Catholic Church living under the Rule of St. Benedict of Nursia (circa 480 – circa 547). Gregory, in his only reference to the Rule, described it as clear in language and outstanding in its discretion. The Rule of Benedict, and not the Rule of the Master, is the document that gave form to European monasticism and has been found valuable by every generation of Benedictine monks, nuns, and sisters.