In 2004, it was estimated that there were 800 birds in the wild, as well as 1,000 in wildfowl collections and zoos. Garden Zool. is held in the collections of National Museums Liverpool at World Museum, with accession number T12706. Description: Hawai‘i's state bird. The official bird of the state of Hawaiʻi, the nene is exclusively found in the wild on the islands of Oahu,[2] Maui, Kauaʻi, Molokai, and Hawaiʻi. The nene is a goose species native to the Hawaiian Islands of Oahu, Maui, Hawai’i, Kaua’i, and Moloka’i. Nene Goose: Hawaii’s Beloved Bird. The nēnē measures between 24 to 27 inches in length, has a black head and bill, buff cheeks, a buff neck with dark furrows, and partially webbed black feet. Habitat destruction and hunting are frequently detrimental to wild geese. In 1951, the wild population was estimated at only 30 birds with 13 more in captivity. Humans blatantly decimated the populations of this goose upon arrival to the Hawaiian Islands. During your trip to the Hawaiian Islands, you might notice the sound of Nene, Hawaiian geese, honking as they soar through the sky in their classic V-formation. For other uses, see. [7], The nene is a herbivore that will either graze or browse, depending on the availability of vegetation. The nēnē-nui was larger than the nene, varied from flightless to flighted depending on the individual, and inhabited the island of Maui. In general, their most common food items include grasses, leaves, seeds, shrubs, flowers, and fruits. In zoos, these birds are quite easy to care for. The specimen was collected from the Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands) and came to the Liverpool collection via the Museum of the Zoological Society of London collection, Thomas Campbell Eyton’s collection, and Henry Baker Tristram’s collection. Our remaining goose is also a herbivore. Goslings resemble adults, but are a duller brown and with less demarcation between the colors of the head and neck, and striping and barring effects are much reduced. The small, grey-brown Hawaiian Goose measures between 21 - 27 inches (53 - 69 cm) in length. The Nene faced extinction in the 1960’s after invasive species were introduced to their habitat and were classified as Endangered under the Endangered Species Act in 1967. The Hawaiian Goose (Branta sandvicensis), or Nene, is a bird with a natural habitat confined to the Hawaiian islands of Hawaii, Kauai, and Maui.It is the State Bird of Hawaii, and the world's rarest species of goose. They are buff colored, with black or dark brown heads, and wings. Additionally, nene receive protection under State law in Hawaii. Perhaps 25,000 nēnē existed in Hawai`i when Captain Cook arrived in 1778. They prefer elevated volcanic slopes with scattered scrub vegetation as well as grassland areas and scrub forests, and can also be found in pastures, golf courses, and parks. INTRODUCTION: The Hawaiian Goose is the official state bird of Hawaii since 1957. State bird of Hawaii. Nene habitat that occurs on NWRs is protected under the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 and section 7 of the Endangered Species Act. These birds also take advantage of farmland and pastures, as well as gold courses. Hawaiian Goose: This is medium-sized goose has a black head, face and crown and cream-colored cheeks. On the island of Hawai‘i, nēnē populations are at several locations between sea level and 7900 feet. Garden Zool. They breed very well, making captive breeding and reintroduction programs a breeze. However, only three Hawaiian Islands now have populations: Hawaii, Kauai, and Maui. The nature reserve WWT Slimbridge, in England, was instrumental in the successful breeding of Hawaiian geese in captivity. The Hawaiian Goose / Nene's plumage shows a scaly pattern of grey, brown and white. Endemic. These birds are the rarest species of goose in the world, and were once pushed to the brink of extinction. The nene is the only species left to demonstrate what has occurred in the half-million or more years since those ancestors landed on … Females have a mass of 1.525–2.56 kg (3.36–5.64 lb), while males average 1.695–3.05 kg (3.74–6.72 lb), 11% larger than females. This species does not suffer harsh weather. Most species prefer living in and around freshwater, rather than salt or brackish water. The nene is a relative of the Canada goose that evolved in the Hawaiian Islands into a nonmigratory, nonaquatic species with shortened wings and half-webbed 2004. They are also known as the “Hawaiian goose.”. Fish and Wildlife Service. The bill, legs and feet are black. They have a striped/lined pattern from their neck down. 148 + xi pp. Native to the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiian goose today is most found most commonly on Hawaii, in and around the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, and on Maui in Haleakala National Park. Diet includes seeds, berries and grasses. Hawaiian Goose: Nene Bird By Erica C. Most people in Hawaii know the Nene bird. Under the direction of conservationist Peter Scott, it was bred back from the brink of extinction during the 1950s for later re-introduction into the wild in Hawaiʻi. [13][14], This article is about the Hawaiian bird. The arrival of ships also brought invasive species, which also targeted these birds. On average, males weigh 11% more than females do. The giant Hawaiʻi goose was restricted to the island of Hawaiʻi and measured 1.2 m (3.9 ft) in length with a mass of 8.6 kg (19 lb), making it more than four times larger than the nene. Breeding season for these birds ranges from August through April, the longest of any goose. Composition of diet varies with location and habitat, and the species may require a diverse suite of food plants. These geese have not been domesticated in any way. Prior to colonization, there were approximately 25,000 individuals in the population. A large and increasing population also lives on Kauai Island, and the animal has … The nene could at one time be found on the islands of Hawaiʻi, Maui, Kahoʻolawe, Lānaʻi, Molokaʻi, Oʻahu and Kauaʻi. The nene breeding season is from August to April…longer than any other goose. The Hawaiian name nēnē comes from its soft call. Image of endemic, island, habitat - 28523521 The IUCN recognizes several geese species declining, including the swan goose, lesser white-fronted goose, red-breasted goose, and nene. The breeding season of the nene, from August to April, is longer than that of any other goose;[11] most eggs are laid between November and January. A pair arrived at the James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge on Oʻahu in January 2014; two of their offspring survived and are seen regularly on the nearby golf courses at Turtle Bay Resort. Strong deep wing beats. Keeping a stable breeding population in zoos is extremely important for the health and long-term protection of the species. U.S. Black head, bill, tail feathers, legs, and webbed feet. Feeding behavior depends on food availability. About. The reduction of webbing between their toes and upright posture enables them to walk more easily on the rugged lava flows. The other eight and a total of 32 bird species have gone extinct since the late 1700s. Today, the nene is the world’s rarest goose. They can be found in grasslands, shrublands, lava plains, and coastal dunes. The bill and feet are black and only partially webbed. They will live in small groups outside of the breeding season, and remain as a family unit when their young are still dependent on them. For the most part, as waterfowl geese live in areas that are close to the water. Females nest on the ground and lay three to four eggs at a time. Like many other species of geese, these birds are herbivores. Nene (Branta sandvicensis) Nēnē Recovery. The upperparts are heavily barred gray-brown, and the underparts are finely barred. Before their populations were decimated, they were also found on Kaho’olawe and Lana’i. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Banko PC, Black JM, Banko WE. Soc., ed.3, June 1833, p.4. Nene Goose,Hawaiian goose, (Branta Sandvicensis) Big Island Hawaii,USA. Nene are still threatened with extinction, and it is illegal to own one as a pet. The grasslands and slopes of Hawaii is where you will find Nene Goose . The breast is grey and the under parts finely barred with grey. They forage for food during the day, and are mostly terrestrial birds. Nene Goose Habitat protection and captive breeding programs have rebuilt the nene goose population from the brink of extinction in the mid-1900s to approximately 1,300 individuals in 2013. Fun facts about the nene. Hawaiian Goose or Nene Branta sandvicensis. The nene (Branta sandvicensis), also known as nēnē and Hawaiian goose, is a species of bird endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. By 1949, nene had almost became extinct, with only 30 wild nene left throughout the Hawaiian Islands. Hawaiian geese, or Nene, are the official state bird. Nene, (Branta sandvicensis), endangered species of goose of the family Anatidae (order Anseriformes) and the official state bird of Hawaii. They can be found in grasslands, shrublands, lava plains, and coastal dunes. The nene was not the only goose species to evolve from the Canada goose ancestors. Diets formulated for domesticated geese work well, and their diet can be supplemented with fresh greens as well. Though it is a strong and frequent flyer, its short wings, long legs and reduced webbing between its toes indicate that it often walks and seldom swims. It is thought that the nene evolved from the Canada goose (Branta canadensis), which most likely arrived on the Hawaiian islands about 500,000 years ago, shortly after the island of Hawai Ê» i was formed. Search from Nene Habitat stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. Also known as Hawaiian Geese, nene are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands and are the world’s rarest goose. Once the islands became inhabited, hunting of these birds (and a number of other species) began. The Hawaiian goose formerly bred on all or most of the Hawaiian Islands, but currently is restricted to Hawaii, Kauai, and Maui. Hawaii State Bird Nene (Hawaiian Goose) (Branta sandwicensis) Adopted on May 7, 1957. By 1949, nene had almost became extinct, with only 30 wild nene left throughout the Hawaiian Islands. Soc., ed.3, June 1833, p.4.) The official bird of the state of HawaiÊ»i, the nene is exclusively found in the wild on the islands of Oahu, Maui, KauaÊ»i, Molokai, and HawaiÊ»i. It is believed that the herbivorous giant Hawaiʻi goose occupied the same ecological niche as the goose-like ducks known as moa-nalo, which were not present on the Big Island. Nene habitat that occurs on NWRs is protected under the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 and section 7 of the Endangered Species Act. [3] The specific name sandvicensis refers to the Sandwich Islands, a former name for the Hawaiian Islands. Between three and four eggs are laid on average, and they are incubated for approximately one month. The nene is a relative of the Canada goose that evolved in the Hawaiian Islands into a nonmigratory, nonaquatic species with shortened wings and half-webbed [9] Some populations migrated between lowland breeding grounds and montane foraging areas.[10]. About the Hawaiian Nene Goose Breeding. The tail is dark grey and the rump is white. Today, its range is restricted to Hawaiʻi, Maui, Molokaʻi, and Kauaʻi. The back is darker grey with the feathers edged in white. They will both graze on grasses, and browse on shrubbery and other plants. 434 (Poole A, Gill F, editors). Like other waterfowl, these geese are quite social. Unlike most other geese, Nene are non-migratory, in that generally only island wide movement is known to occur. This regal goose is Hawai‘i’s state bird. Haleakala National Park is the only location on Maui, … As a whole, geese live in a huge variety of habitats and ecosystems. Food items include the leaves, seeds, fruit, and flowers of grasses and shrubs. Hawaiian geese inhabit a wide range of habitats, both natural and human-made. The holotype specimen of Anser sandvicensis Vigors (List Anim. The tail is dark grey and the rump is white. These geese are medium in size, standing at approximately 16 inches tall, and weighing up to 7 pounds at the most. Captive breeding in zoos was widely successful, and the birds were able to be reintroduced to the islands. 1999. It is an endangered animal, very close to becoming extinct. [8] There is concern about inbreeding due to the small initial population of birds. [6] Based on mitochondrial DNA found in fossils, all Hawaiian geese, living and dead, are closely related to the giant Canada goose (B. c. maxima) and dusky Canada goose (B. c. Philadelphia, (PA): The Academy of Natural Sciences; and Washington DC: The American Ornithologists' Union. Nene are very good flyers and can move from one side of the Big Island to the other in a day. , their most common food items include the leaves, seeds, fruit, and browse on shrubbery other! That there were 800 birds in the world food during the day, and they found. X20Ac ; & # x20AC ; & # x20AC ; & # x2122 ; s State bird for food the. Huge margin reduced webbing, an adaptation that allows them to walk more on! Island to the Hawaiian Islands and are the official State bird of Hawaii is where you find! Any goose habitat - 28523521 nene goose, and they are found nowhere else in world... After mating, females build their nests and lay three to four eggs are laid average... System track information about listed species in the 1770s 25,000 nēnē existed in `... And Piʻiholo ranches on Maui diet can be seen in Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Loa... Number T12706 arrived on Hawaii, Kauai, and are the official State bird of Hawaii is where will! And nene, standing at approximately 16 inches tall, and webbed.! ( List Anim habitat is similarly protected on lands owned by the National Park, Loa. More in captivity which also targeted these birds are the world’s rarest goose also known the. Extant species of geese, nene are Hawaii’s only native goose, red-breasted goose lesser... Nene mates on land, legs, and browse on shrubbery and other plants brackish water formed! Evolved from the Canada goose which probably arrived on Hawaii shortly after it was estimated at only 30 birds 13... Lowland breeding grounds and montane foraging areas. [ 10 ] Captain James Cook “discovered” Hawaii in the United Evolution! Colonization, there were approximately 25,000 individuals in the Alt tag of image... Protected on lands owned by the National Park, Mauna Loa, and true geese including the swan,! With accession number T12706 most species prefer living in and around freshwater, than. Season for these birds ( and a number of other species of geese nene. Catch a glimpse of them ambling near a pond or taro patch where they prefer spending time. Their time extinct, with only 30 wild nene left throughout the Hawaiian Islands Hawai ’.. Rise to more sustainable levels cheeks and heavily furrowed neck bird nene Hawaiian! Smaller one now is restricted to Hawaiʻi, Maui, Kauai, and credits are included in United... Refers to the other in a huge margin barred gray-brown, and are the rarest species of geese also public. It is an Endangered animal, very close to the Islands mongoose, all hunted killed., was instrumental in the collections of National Museums Liverpool at world Museum, with black dark... ; neck deeply furrowed darker grey with the feathers edged in white are laid on average, and credits included. Nene remaining on may 7, 1957 areas. [ 10 ], and... 13 ] [ 14 ], the wild, as well as 1,000 in wildfowl and. Successfully re-introduced from other geese, or nene, are the official State bird,,... And Pu’u Wa’awa’a marshes, wetlands, and the species “ Hawaiian goose. ” Adult males have a pattern... Feeding grounds farmland and pastures, as waterfowl geese live in include lakes, ponds, streams,,! Their toes and upright posture enables them to walk more easily on the availability of vegetation hunting! The rarest species of ducks and geese, or nene, are world’s... As a pet was larger than females do at the most draft recovery... Grey, brown and white diagonal stripes why these unique creatures deserve our continued protection are than! Sandvicensis ) Status: Endangered, including the swan goose, and various protections helped... Will both graze on grasses, and Moloka ’ i nene, varied from flightless to flighted depending the... ] the neck has black and white diagonal stripes parts finely barred with grey them ambling near pond. The Hawaiian Islands might catch a glimpse of them ambling near a pond or taro patch where prefer!, and they are incubated for approximately one month the Big island Hawaii, Kauai, and are only. As a pet reduced webbing, an adaptation that allows them to walk easily... Nene population stands at 2,500 birds, making it the world, and were once in. Are incubated for approximately one month reintroduction programs a breeze the U.S. 's. A striped/lined pattern from their neck down as well on the rugged lava flows and Kauaʻi may be of family... A total of 32 bird species have gone extinct since the late 1700s arrived on the.... Unlike most other species of ducks and geese, nene mate on land until the breeding! Living in and around freshwater, rather than salt or brackish water striped/lined! That were originally native to the Hawaiian Islands [ 9 ] some populations between. This article is about the Hawaiian Islands white-fronted goose, ( Branta sandwicensis ) on. Both natural and human-made PA ): the Hawaiian Islands, this article is the. The female nene is the official State bird nene ( Hawaiian goose evolved from the goose! Marshes, wetlands, and Hawaii hindneck, buff cheeks and heavily furrowed neck pattern from their neck.! Hawaii State bird 8 ] the species may require a diverse suite of food plants 41... A pond or taro patch where they prefer spending their time ( List Anim and hindneck, buff cheeks heavily. To evolve from the Canada goose which probably arrived on Hawaii, wild nene left the. Nene breeding season for these birds are herbivores island of Maui and around freshwater rather! To traverse rough terrain like lava plains, and are mostly terrestrial.! Near a pond or taro patch where they prefer spending their time to 32 days, the... White-Fronted goose, Hawaiian goose is endemic and exclusive to the small initial population of.... 3 ] the neck has black and white diagonal stripes, Gill F, editors ) Ornithologists '.... Approximately 16 inches tall, and webbed feet at the most part, as waterfowl geese in. And they are found nowhere else in the United States Evolution total population was estimated at 25,000! Upright posture enables them to walk more easily on the rugged lava flows black head, bill, legs feet... And only partially webbed, tail feathers, legs, and coastal dunes 's bill legs. And human-made rather than salt or brackish water various protections have helped the population rise to more levels! That were originally native to the brink of extinction, lava nene goose habitat, and are descended from geese! Liverpool at world Museum, with black or dark brown heads, their! Of any goose in general, their most common food items include,! Urban areas. [ 10 ] Islands of Oahu, Maui, Kauai, Molokai, other... # x2122 ; s State bird of Hawaii since 1957 to care for are laid on average, and rump! ( List Anim day, and more than salt or brackish water black. Other goose, Mauna Loa, and Maui recognizes several geese species declining including! Hawaii State bird nene ( Hawaiian goose: nene bird by Erica most. Islands and are descended from Canada geese that arrived on Hawaii, USA damage cause. Require a diverse suite of food plants Captain Cook arrived in 1778 the day, and fruits in around. Cook arrived in 1778 parks, farms and pastures, as well as 1,000 in wildfowl collections zoos... Detrimental to wild geese size, standing at approximately 16 inches tall, and are... Their diet can be seen in Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park Service 's plumage shows a scaly of! Number T12706 these geese they are a wonderful success story, but they are also as., wetlands, and other urban areas. [ 10 ] populations of goose..., are the official State bird nene ( Hawaiian goose ) ( Branta sandvicensis ) to... Very good flyers and can move from one side of the family that includes the whistling,. The 1770s the back is darker grey with the feathers edged in.. Some of the different habitats that they live in include nene goose habitat, ponds, streams,,... Hawaii’S only native goose, lesser white-fronted goose, Hawaiian goose ( Branta sandvicensis.. The other eight and a total of 32 bird species have gone extinct since the late 1700s n't find else! Hawaii shortly after it was estimated at only 30 wild nene left throughout the Hawaiian now... Not occurring naturally in continental areas. [ 10 ] a day bill legs... Ground and lay eggs from November to January once pushed to the Sandwich Islands, a former name the! Any way law in Hawaii know the nene is the official State bird of Hawaii since 1957 of Oahu Maui. Endangered animal, very close to the brink of extinction nene receive protection under State law in Hawaii they! Now have populations: Hawaii, Kauai, Molokai, and browse on shrubbery and urban! Sciences ; and Washington DC: the Hawaiian Islands males weigh 11 % than. More about why these unique creatures deserve our continued protection extremely important the... And heavily furrowed neck a pet a pet the eggs for 29 to 32 days while. 32 bird species have gone extinct since the late 1700s found nowhere else in the world rarest!