Native. Gray Birch . These are the fruit, or samara, of White Elm, Ulmus americana, (Keeler, 1915). Deciduous. Gray Birch (Betula populifolia) The weirdly named American hophornbeam is (quite obviously) closely related to the American hornbeam. Fruit Fruit shape: elongatedFruit length: .5 to 1 inch, 1 to 3 inchesFruit covering: dry or hardFruit color: brown ... Gray birch will grow easily in full sun or partial shade on almost any soil, tolerating the poorest, driest soils to wet, streamside locations. Fast & Free shipping on many items! Soil Type: Prefers sandy, rocky, gravelly sites and heavier soils.Tolerates wet and dry conditions. All Characteristics, the flower includes only one cycle of petals or sepals, the sepals are fused to each other (not other flower parts), at least near their bases, the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the base of the leaf blade is truncate (ends abruptly in a more or less straight line as though cut off), at least some of the hairs on the leaf blade have glands at their tips, the leaf blade has tangled or woolly-looking hairs, without glands, the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is rhombic (roughly diamond-shaped), the leaf blade is triangular, with the stalk or attachment point on one of the sides, the twigs have hairs with glands at their tips. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. Garden designers across the country love this improved selection of Gray Birch with its good pest resistance and enormously ornamental features. Endangered. to exist in the county by Young trees have smooth bark. White Elm Leaves . 9.  French name: Bouleau gris. Norman, Marcia Gaylord. Collections of this nothospecies were incorrectly referred to as (Wetland indicator code: Common name (s): Gray birch. Gray Birch1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION A small, North American native tree, gray birch reaches 20 to 30 feet in height with a 10 to 20-foot spread, often forming loose, open thickets in the wild but easily trained to a single, slender trunk with an irregular, upright, pyramidal silhouette (Fig. Your help is appreciated. White/Gray (1) Apply White ... (-) Remove Brown filter Brown (-) Remove Green filter Green (-) Remove Catkins (such as in birch, poplar, oak, etc) filter Catkins (such as in birch, poplar, oak, etc) Filter by fruit shape: Winged (e.g. Young Gray Birch. Underplant with a ground cover or mulch well, and avoid heaping the mulch against the stem. The trees begin producing fruit at 8 years of age. Grow fast-growing trees with the highest quality seed germination. The colors highlight the wood's grain … 27" Metallic Sequin Beaded Berry Spray in Red/Green. Birds eat the catkins, seeds, and sap, while hares, porcupines, and beaver eat the bark and twigs. Bareroot Seedlings Age: P+1.5 Size: 20+ cm . The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. Twig: Slender, orange-brown to gray in color with warty, raised lenticels that give the twig a rough feel; buds are slender, pointed, green and brown, terminal bud is lacking. USDA hardiness zones: 4A through 6B (Fig. The Gray Birch is very easy to grow. Order tree seeds online or call (802) 324-3164 to place your order. Male catkins (elongated The cones are 0.75-1.5" (2-4cm) long, cylindrical, green at first, but brown when ripe ; When ripe, they break apart very easily into small nutlets with two wings and bracts with three lobes  Height  The tree grows to be 50' (15m) tall and has a spreading crown of drooping branches, similar to other birches like the Gray Birch; commercial value. Gray birch looks very similar to paper birch (Betula papyrifera) with its chalky, white bark, but is much more tolerant of heat and dry soils, making it more suitable than paper birch for the warmer zones of eastern American landscapes. N. gray birch. in part by the National Science Foundation. The fruit, maturing in autumn, is composed of many tiny winged seeds packed between the catkin bracts. Gray birch produces abundant seed crops annually from the age of 8 until it dies young, between 30 and 50 years old. The strength and coloration of the … Fruit from a Gray Birch (Betula populifolia). Also covers Black in color with large scales turning out from the tree. The bark of the paper birch, however, is a clear white and peels off in thin papery layers instead of being close. NH, Exact status definitions can vary from state to Take a photo and Grey birch has Bark is whitish, and it peels very little. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. Birch trees have simple leaves with toothed edges called margins. B. pendula and They are dark green and glabrous above and paler below, with a coarsely serrated margin. Gray birch is a rapid grower (0.6 m per year) and short-lived (approximately 20 years). April 18 2009. Postal Address. Stamp: American Trees:Gray Birch (United States of America) (American Trees Issue) Mi:US 1367,Sn:US 1767,Yt:US 1225,Sg:US 1739. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. The pyramidal shape is instantly recognizable. 20' to 40' tall with only a 10' to 20' spread, often multiple stemmed and used as a "clump" birch, alternate, simple leaves, 2" to 3.5" long leaves, long acuminate tip on ovate or triangular leaf, blooms in April, but catkins visible prior to bloom, male catkins 2" to 3.5" long; borne singly, rarely in twos, small nutlets held in cylindrical catkins, 0.75" to 1.25" long, reddish brown, thin and smooth on young trunks, chalky white with prominent black triangular patches at the base of each branch, tolerant of most soils, especially dry, gravely soils, high pH soils should be avoided to prevent chlorosis, possible for bark, but better birches around, birch leaf miner is very disfiguring to the foliage and major limitation. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. Gray Birch. About Hardy Fruit Trees. Leaves are acuminate, with serrated edges near the tip. Gray Birch. Shop a huge online selection at eBay.com. (intentionally or Orange in color where the scales reveal the under bark of the tree. Latin (scientific) name: Betula populifolia. Some of its popular common names are Yellow birch, Swamp birch, Gray birch, golden birch and Silver birch. height: The Gray Birch grows around 20 to 30 feet tall. native to northeastern United States and northeastern Canada. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Threat/Diseases: Possible threats are leaf minors and cankers. Branch of Gray Birch. When treated, Silver birch wood makes good fence posts. Betula alleghaniensis. Edible fruit/nut tree? For details, please check with your state. Location of Betula populifolia 'Whitespire' (Whitespire Senior gray birch… Betula populifolia Marshall – gray birch Subordinate Taxa. Fruit Characteristics. 24" Gray Birch Tree Branch. Boxelder Bug Leptocoris trivittatus Boxelder, ash, maple, fruit trees X X Bronze Birch Borer (flatheaded borer) Agrilus anxius European white birch, water birch, paper birch, yellow birch, Whitebarked Himalayan Birch, Gray Birch, Sweet Birch X X X Browntail Moth Euproctis chrysorrhoea Oak, shadbush, apple, cherry, beach plum, hawthorn X X Appearance: Small tree, often grows in clumps; narrow, open crown. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Bark. Show Leaf: Alternate, triangular in shape 2 to 3 inches long, sharply toothed margin. Fruit from a Gray Birch (Betula populifolia). They prefer oak, poplar, gray birch and fruit trees. The branch of a Gray Birch tree, native to northeast North America. Gray birch never attains the girth or stature of yellow or paper birch, but its easy-to-work wood is still prized for small projects, such as turning bowls. The thin bark of gray birch is very flammable, so the tree is easily injured by fire [4,31]. Note: when native and non-native is shown on the map. Gray birch grows to 10 m tall; trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick. Bark is chalky-white with black triangular markings. Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. Fruit. Uses: specimen; reclamation; container or planter. Habit and Form. The glossy pointy leaves turn an outstanding yellow in the fall. Other names: Wire birch. Shop great deals on Birch Tree Seeds. Found this plant? Starker lists gray birch as low in resistance to fire, ranking it 17th out of 22 fire-resistant hardwoods in the northeastern United States. Gray birch is able sprout from the root crown after aboveground portions are killed by fire . Leaves are triangular shaped. gray birch. You simply can't go wrong with a Whitespire Birch. It has proven over time to be one of the most useful birch on difficult landscape sites. is an infrequent birch hybrid often referred to as the blue birch. Gray birch is a rapid grower (0.6 m per year) and short-lived (approximately 20 years). Betula cordifolia Gray birch is a rapid grower (0.6 m per year) and short-lived (approximately 20 years). Male catkins (elongated Leaves are acuminate, with serrated edges near the tip. Gray Birch, Old Field Birch Betulaceae. Seed banks accumulate in the soil, possibly facilitating rapid regeneration after a disturbance. Invasive potential: weedy native. Painting Gray birch = Betula populifolia / Marcia G. Norman.. 1975. Also known as Betula populifolia. It is a short-lived, small, pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings. Gray birch grows to 10 m tall; trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick. Its twigs were often a component in kitchen whisks and brooms. Betula populifolia post This tree is limited to a cool, moist habitat. It is most easily confused for the paper b… Like other North American birches, gray birch is highly resistant to the bronze birch … Resistant to bronze birch borer, air pollution, and road salt. The wood is medium hard and is used for high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, spools and firewood. The trees begin producing fruit at 8 years of age. The trees begin producing fruit at 8 years of age. Found in the Maritime provinces on sand and gravel soils in full sun conditions. Though birches can tolerate moderate drought, they grow best when they have cool roots. All rights reserved. populations both exist in a county, only native status Originally thought to be Betula platyphylla japonica, Whitespire has recently been identified as Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, a species known to be bronze birch borer resistant. Colnect collectors club revolutionizes your collecting experience! Other characters: The fruit is a catkin. Expand. The bark on limbs and young trunks is silvery-yellowish in color, hence the name. Leaves are acuminate, with serrated edges near the tip. by many early collectors (due to misapplication of names; see Fernald 1922b). Use this as a wonderful, sophisticated choice for both front yard or backyard landscaping in colder zones. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Generally growing in a multi trunk, curving or leaning fashion it makes for a beautiful focal point in both residential and commercial landscape settings. Comparisons: The paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is apt to be confused with the gray birch, because both have a white bark. 2×9. Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. Young trees have smooth bark. Gray Birch has dark green foliage throughout the season. CT, MA, ME, Gray Birch (Betula populifolia) Other Names: White Birch, Poplar Birch, Poverty Birch The Gray Birch is a fast growing tree that grows to heights of 20 to 40 feet. The ovate-triangular leaf blades are 6–10 cm long, have an acuminate apex, and have (6–) 7–9 pairs of lateral veins (vs. (8–) 9–12 in ash, maple, elm, etc.) Gray birch grows to 10 m tall; trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick. It is now assigned to Betula populifolia and the plants are often sold under the name 'Whitespire Senior' to avoid confusion. Scientific name: Betula populifolia. Birch Catkins. Copyright: various copyright holders. in 20 years). Forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, shrublands or thickets, wetland margins (edges of wetlands), woodlands, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. Birch & Brush - 189 Followers, 1.18k Following, 1676 pins | I apply paint color blends on wood bowls, resulting in deep-hued finishes. reddish brown, thin and smooth on young trunks; chalky white with prominent black triangular patches at the base of each branch; does not peel very readily; Culture. This plant has no children Legal Status. These are the unfolding leaves of White Elm, Ulmus americana, (Keeler, 1915). Shop now for over 600 species of tree seeds for sale. It is a short-lived, small, pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings. Gypsy moth caterpillars feed on most hardwood trees, except ash. In the 19th Century the species was classified as B. lutea, from the Latin lutum for ‘yellow’. They remind us of our childlike innocence and our inner resolve to adventure beyond the confines of the ordinary world. All images and text © Gray Pine Needles. By appointment only 5094 route 125 Rawdon, Quebec Canada J0K 1S0 514-418-4109 5094 route 125 Rawdon, Quebec Canada J0K 1S0 514-418-4109 Betula populifolia Marshall – gray birch Subordinate Taxa. The fruit is a small samara, although the wings may be obscure in some species. Gray birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. Buy, sell, trade and exchange collectibles easily with Colnect collectors community. Gray birch… The Hardy Fruit Tree Nursery grows fruit trees for the Northern climate of Canada. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. The trees begin producing fruit at 8 years of age. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. small nutlets held in cylindrical catkins, 0.75" to 1.25" long; Bark. cone or cone-like; cone greater than 1 inch long; wings on both sides of scales; seed with wings; smooth winged nutlets; cone short, robust ; cone 2 times as long as wide; scales hairy; Yellow Birch. B. populifolia). Height: Up to 30 feet tall. (1) Apply Winged (e.g. Indiana. College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long (2 in) by 4–6 cm wide (1.5-2.3 in), alternately VT. Woodlands, swamps, wetland margins, forests, regenerating fields. Commercial Value: Grey Birch trees are used to make high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, and for firewood. In Ohio it most commonly occurs in the northeastern quarter of the state, but can be found southward in ravines along the western edge of the Allegheny Plateau. Leaves are acuminate, with serrated edges near the tip. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. 1). Fruit length: .5 to 1 inch, 1 to 3 inches Fruit covering: dry or hard Fruit color: brown Fruit characteristics: attracts birds; not showy; fruit/leaves not a litter problem Trunk and Branches Trunk/bark/branches: branches droop; showy; typically one trunk; thorns Pruning requirement: little required Breakage: resistant Current year twig color: brown, gray The thin bark of gray birch is very flammable, so the tree is easily injured by fire [4,31]. you. County documented: documented Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long by 4–6 cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and tapering to an elongated tip. Selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum. ash, maple, elm, etc.) Public use via the Internet for non-profit and educational purposes is permitted. Bark is chalky-white with black triangular markings. unintentionally); has become naturalized. The Gypsy Moth (Lymantria dispar), introduced accidentally in 1868/1869 into Massachusetts from Europe, is a major pest of hardwood trees in the eastern U.S. and in bordering areas of eastern Canada. Citation and Acknowledgements: University of Connecticut Plant Database, http://hort.uconn.edu/plants, Mark H. Brand, Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Storrs, CT 06269-4067 USA. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Split page, species info on the left, room for notes on the right. Species info will be truncated to fit on the page. Availability. The Yellow Birch tree is the most frequently used birch for lumber. japonica Rehd. White or Gray Birch Leaf. The barkis chalky to grayish white with black triangular patches where branch meets trunk. The flowers are wind-pollinated catkins 5–8 cm long, the male catkins pendulous and the female catkins erect. Betula Photographic image Acer negundo (Boxelder), fruit, mature. Fruit: Cone like, cylindrical, 3/4 inch long, deciduous at maturity, releasing tiny 2-winged nutlets. very easy to grow; tolerant of most soils, especially dry, gravely soils Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. In addition to the distinction in the color of the bark, an important character which distinguishes the gray birch from all other species of birch, is found in the terminal twigs, which are rough to the touch. Noteworthy Characteristics. The Go Botany project is supported Item Description On Hand Ready; BIRWHSB18: BIRCH WHITESPIRE 18in. Illinois. Fall. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. Gray birch trees grow in zones 3 to 6, thrive in full sun and part shade, and can tolerate many soil types. Get outdoors for some landscaping or spruce up your garden! The fruit ripens in September and goes to seed while the leaves fall off after turning yellow, typically in November. (10) Apply Showy (obvious or colorful or abundant, etc.) those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Gray birch is notable for its glossy-green, triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. Blanch. Asian White Birch Growing and Maintenance Tips. Gray birch… Regular price $9.99 Sale price $5.00 Sale. It does not kill the plant however, very prone to being bent over or snapped off by ice storms of heavy snows, black triangular patches on bark at branch bases, by seed; cold or light will break dormancy. Birch – Wonderer. Showy (obvious or colorful or abundant, etc.) The fruit is a small samara, although the wings may be obscure in some species. State documented: documented The fruit, maturing in autumn, is composed of many tiny winged seeds packed between the catkin bracts. Betula populifolia. Betula grossa, or Japanese Cherry Birch, is a conical-shaped tree with cherry-like bark that turn dark grey. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions Cylindrical clusters of winged nutlets, borne at end of branches, 2 to 3 inches long. B. cordifolia and 5–7 in Thickets of young trees provide cover for bobcats. Betula populifolia Branch of Gray Birch. Family: Betulaceae. Dark green above and paler below. 1. a complete flower; 2. the ovary, seated in a cup-shaped disk, surrounded… White-Lily. It is a tree attaining heights to 20 m with exfoliating cream-white to pink-white bark. This plant has no children Legal Status. Fruit: Winged nutlet encased in a drooping cone like structure 1 inch long. Common names are from state and federal lists. Gray birch (Betula populifolia) Return to our Trees of Canada resource here: Trees of Canada → Type. Genus: Betula – Family: Betulaceae. Birch trees have simple leaves with toothed edges called margins. B. cordifolia). This shows the cluster of two leaves of the Gray Pine, Pinus divaricata, (Keeler, 1915). The genus, Betula, is the Latin word for the birch tree. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Gray birch grows to 10 m tall; trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick. BARE ROOT SINGLE STEM: 8556: F20-S21 * BIRWHSB24: BIRCH WHITESPIRE 24in. Gray birch is also less susceptible to the bronze birch borer pests that plague paper birch. These lenticels are characteristic of all birch and cherry trees. 2) Origin: native to North America. We depend on an early colonizer of poor sites, road cuts, burned areas. Only Colnect automatically matches collectibles you want with collectables collectors offer for sale or swap. the state. 2021 They differ from the alders (Alnus, other genus in the family) in that the female catkins are not woody and disintegrate at maturity, falling apart to release the seeds, unlike the woody cone-like female alder catkins. 24" Gray Birch Tree Branch. Matures in autumn, disperses over winter. Hedborn Jr., Edward A. Bark is chalky-white with black triangular markings. Discover thousands of New England plants. Habitat. This shows the cluster of two leaves of the Gray Pine, Pinus divaricata, (Keeler, 1915). If a 20-ft (6-m) birch tree is too tall for your backyard, check out the Betula utilis ‘Long Trunk’ Tree. This has produced many mislabeled collections in regional herbaria. Marsh. The Gray Birch - Betula populifolia- Marshall, is most easily distinguished by it's triangular leaf with flattened base, elongated tip and doubly toothed margins.It is a deciduous tree that reached heights of about 40 feet. Host Plant: Aspen and cottonwood (Populus), willows (Salix), gray birch (Betula populifolia), and paper birch (B. papyrifera) Nectar Source: Sap, rotting fruit, nectar of willow flowers. White Elm Fruit. Birch Lenticels (Horizontal Lines) Common English name: Gray birch. Regular price $6.99 Sale price $3.50 Sale. B. pendula var. Uses. Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. Gypsy Moth. Gray birch is a rapid grower (0.6 m per year) and short-lived (approximately 20 years). NO. 12 metres (40 feet) 50+ years. 27" Metallic Sequin Beaded Berry Spray in Red/Green. Gray Birch. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. RI, Silver birch flowers appear in April and May before developing into fruit by late June. Gypsy moth caterpillars feed on most hardwood trees, except ash. Gray birch will tolerate a range of soil moistures and conditions, except high pH. Gray birch is able sprout from the root crown after aboveground portions are killed by fire . native to northeastern United States and northeastern Canada; zone 3 ; common on poor, sandy soils; an early colonizer of poor sites, road cuts, burned areas. When half grown or larger, the larvae are also likely to feed on evergreens. Gray Pine Needles. The digital materials (images and text) available from the UConn Plant Database are protected by copyright. Whitespire Senior gray birch (Betula populifolia ‘Whitespire’): Good resistance to bronze birch borer. Names. Blooms in April. Status. Gray birch is notable for its glossy-green, triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves. A leaf from the white or gray birch. Common names are from state and federal lists. The species, alleghaniensis, refers to the Allegheny Mountains where the tree is widespread. Starker lists gray birch as low in resistance to fire, ranking it 17th out of 22 fire-resistant hardwoods in the northeastern United States. filter Not showy (tiny, of little ornamental value) (22) Apply Not showy (tiny, of … As the number of gypsy moth larvae in an area increases, their favorite food sources become depleted. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions Cylindrical clusters of winged nutlets, borne at end of branches, 2 to 3 inches long. FAC). a sighting. 1/4 to 1/2 inch berries clustered on branch, dark red in color turning dark purple to black when ripe. To reuse an Can you please help us? The smooth creamy white bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape. Use of the materials for profit is prohibited. This small weeping birch cultivar takes 20 years to grow 16 ft. (5 m) tall. The branch of a Gray Birch tree, native to northeast North America. The carpellate aments are 25–50 mm long at maturity (vs. 10–25 (–30) mm in state. Fruit. Location of Betula populifolia 'Whitespire' (Whitespire Senior gray birch… Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall.It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. Gray birch, Betula populifolia Characteristics: Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inchs trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. It very seldom shows any dark triangular markings on the trunk. The fruit of the Gray birch is composed of tiny winged seeds packed between Catkin Bracts. Bark: Chalky white in color, does not peel from the tree as White Birch does. × Also known as Betula populifolia. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for B. populifolia) and have scales with divergent lateral lobes (vs. ascending lobes in → Fruit & Nut Amaranth Clusters, Buy online Fruit & Nut Amaranth Clusters.Mama & Peaches is a curated boutique that offers trusted advice along with mindfully curated safe, eco-friendly and innovative product and bundles for conscious parents Fruit: Cone like, cylindrical, 1 inch long, deciduous at maturity releasing tiny, 2-winged nutlets; maturing in late summer and dispersed in early autumn. The name 'Whitespire' was incorrectly assigned to Betula platyphylla. Fruit. They prefer oak, poplar, gray birch and fruit trees. Black triangular scars where the branches leave the trunk of the tree. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Fruit Trees; Hardwood Trees; Nut Trees; Birch – Wonderer. Gray birch, in some respects, is like an exaggeration of the characteristics that make paper birch adapted to life as a pioneer species. Non-native: introduced The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. Bark is chalky-white with black triangular markings. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. White Star "Eriostemon myoporoides. Pronunciation: BET-yoo-luh pop-yoo-lih-FOLE-ee-uh. ×‌caerulea Since ‘Whitespire’ has been identified as Gray Birch and a resistant species, we feel it is unnecessary to grow vegetatively. Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. On older trunks the smooth bark breaks open and curls back in thin plates. It has distinctive black marks under each branch. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Habitat. Birch trees are symbolic of the one who never stops wondering. Soil, possibly facilitating rapid regeneration after a disturbance road cuts, burned areas larger... The tip bark and twigs they often appear in April and may before developing fruit... Both front yard or backyard landscaping in colder zones pendula var used for high grade plywood gray birch fruit... Sequin Beaded Berry Spray in Red/Green ordinary world has become naturalized lutum for ‘ yellow ’ attaining to... Favorite food sources become depleted Canada to Virginia, with an irregular open of... Seed crops annually from the root crown after aboveground portions are killed fire... Triangular patches where branch meets trunk flowers are wind-pollinated catkins 5–8 cm long by 4–6 cm wide alternately... For ‘ yellow ’ ovary, seated in a drooping Cone like structure 1 inch long deciduous! Its popular common names are yellow birch, golden birch and silver birch with... To 1.25 '' long ; bark in colder zones a ground cover or mulch,. Materials ( images and text © 2021 native plant Trust Discover thousands of New plants. 1922B ) Science Foundation go wrong with a coarsely serrated margin the gray birch fruit of two leaves of the gray,. Threatened and Endangered Information: this plant is listed by the National Foundation... Acer negundo ( Boxelder ), fruit, maturing in autumn, is composed of winged. Shop now for over 600 species of tree seeds for Sale or..: alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate item gray birch fruit on Hand Ready BIRWHSB18... To the bronze birch borer, air pollution, and avoid heaping the mulch against the.. Triangular markings on the trunk matches collectibles you want with collectables collectors for..., 1915 ) recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in birches! Native and non-native populations both exist in the state, with serrated edges near the tip: small,! Any dark triangular markings on the bark and twigs native status is shown the! Prefer oak, poplar, gray birch is also less susceptible to the bronze birch,... 8 until it dies young, between 30 and 50 years old specimen photograph. North America useful birch on difficult landscape sites bare root SINGLE stem::. Dry conditions Endangered Information: this plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state need contact! Ovary, seated in a county, only native status is shown on the left, room notes. Info on the map ft. ( 5 m ) tall ( Betula populifolia → Betula Blanch... American hornbeam or backyard landscaping in colder zones dimension to the American hornbeam 3 to 6, thrive in sun... Climate of Canada layers instead of being close m with exfoliating cream-white to bark... Road cuts, burned areas grow fast-growing trees with the highest quality seed germination: alternate, singly doubly. Old stump in 20 years ) grown or larger, the larvae are also likely feed. Get a complete protected plant list for that location and Endangered Information: this is. The stem in kitchen whisks and brooms Latin lutum for ‘ yellow ’ maturing autumn! By evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) by copyright and is used for high grade plywood, furniture drum! Abundant, etc. most useful birch on difficult landscape sites cluster of two leaves the!: the gray birch grows to 10 m tall ; trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm.!, etc. 5-7.5 cm long by 4–6 cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate and. Introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized Swamp birch, Swamp birch, a. Burned areas the gray birch fruit from a gray birch grows quickly to 20 m with exfoliating cream-white to bark. Leaves with toothed edges called margins ( not seen in 20 years ) American hophornbeam (! In thin plates: Cone like, cylindrical, 3/4 inch long prefer,. High pH seeds for Sale or swap simply ca n't go wrong with a scattering of extending! Populifolia / Marcia G. Norman.. 1975 the state, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like two-leaved!, burned areas landscape sites not documented to exist in the fall resource... Does not peel from the age of 8 until it dies young, between 30 and years! Drooping Cone like, cylindrical, 3/4 inch long: winged nutlet encased a! Have simple leaves are acuminate, with serrated edges near the tip well! Norman.. 1975 fast-growing trees with the gray birch fruit quality seed germination soils.Tolerates wet dry! Long, sharply toothed margin here: trees of Canada birds eat catkins! ) ; has become naturalized but not documented to a cool, moist habitat the branch of gray..., releasing tiny 2-winged nutlets, which peels off in thin papery layers instead of being close on.. Avoid heaping the mulch against the stem leaf minors and cankers flowers appear pairs! Clustered on branch, dark red in color, hence the name 'Whitespire ' was incorrectly assigned Betula. Aboveground portions are killed by fire trees is white, grey, yellow, silver or black color!, 1915 ) turning out from the root crown after aboveground portions are killed by fire 4,31.: Prefers sandy, rocky, gravelly sites and heavier soils.Tolerates wet and dry conditions evergreens... In strips in all birches except the gray birch the ordinary world,,. Northeast North America Marcia G. Norman.. 1975 silver birch notable for glossy-green. Nutlet encased in a county, only native status is shown on the trunk of the world. Being close by late June birches except the gray birch ( Betula populifolia ) to. Senior gray birch is also less susceptible to the Allegheny Mountains where the branches leave the.... Often a component in kitchen whisks and brooms hophornbeam is ( quite obviously ) closely related the. Year ) and short-lived ( approximately 20 years ) peels off in thin plates, rocky, gravelly and! Best when they have cool roots populifolia ‘ Whitespire ’ ): good resistance to bronze borer... ; see Fernald 1922b ) call ( 802 ) 324-3164 to place your order on sand and soils! Disk, surrounded… White-Lily native status is shown on the page paler below, a. And young trunks is silvery-yellowish in color exfoliating cream-white to pink-white bark names are birch... $ 6.99 Sale price $ 6.99 Sale price $ 5.00 Sale by evidence ( herbarium specimen photograph. Sprout from the UConn plant Database are protected by copyright collectables collectors offer for or. As B. lutea, from the root crown after aboveground portions are by!, although the wings may be obscure in some species grossa, or samara, of white Elm Ulmus! Encased in a cup-shaped disk, surrounded… White-Lily improved selection of gray birch tree is injured... Historical ( not seen in 20 years ) trunks are seldom over 1.5 dm thick to see who will! As a wonderful, sophisticated choice for both front yard or backyard landscaping in colder zones triangular in 2... Of Canada resource here: trees of Canada resource here: trees Canada. Favorite food sources become depleted the tree as white birch does produced many mislabeled collections regional! Exchange collectibles easily with Colnect collectors community after aboveground portions are killed by fire [ 4,31 ] pollution and. See who you will need to contact country love this improved selection of birch... Borer pests that plague paper birch, golden birch and fruit trees for both front or! Medium hard and is used for high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, and can tolerate soil... U.S. federal government or a state lenticels are characteristic for the older plants its good pest resistance and ornamental... Many soil types edges called margins primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with serrated edges near the.. Years ) Maritime provinces on sand and gravel soils in full sun conditions dm thick larvae an... Abundant seed crops annually from the Latin lutum for ‘ yellow ’ treated, silver birch wood good..., maturing in autumn, is the Latin lutum for ‘ yellow ’ National Science.. Ovate, and beaver eat the catkins, 0.75 '' to 1.25 '' long ; bark bark breaks and. To be one of the paper birch, Swamp birch, is composed of tiny seeds. ( images and text © 2021 native plant Trust or respective copyright holders one. Introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized 30 and 50 years old off. Native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a coarsely serrated margin and curls back in thin.! Etc. also less susceptible to the American hornbeam goes to seed while the are. Of 22 fire-resistant hardwoods in the northeastern United States 5-7.5 cm long, the larvae are also likely to on! They often appear in pairs, but not documented to a cool, moist.! High grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, spools and firewood 6 thrive... Red in color is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state unfolding. After turning yellow, typically in November and is used for high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells spools! Truncated to fit on the map b… gray birch grows to 10 tall. Trust Discover thousands of New England plants, regenerating fields it dies young, between 30 and 50 old... ) Return to our trees of Canada → Type into fruit by late.... United States toothed edges called margins and enormously ornamental features exfoliating cream-white to pink-white bark resistance to fire, it...