Bloom color varies from purple-blues to rose red to, rarely, white. This plant has no children Legal Status. T. spathacea (Rhoeo spathacea) has sword-shaped purple-and-green foliage. Native plants have occurred in our region for hundreds of years and are accustomed to local sun, soil, and climate. Tradescantia virginiana belongs to the Flowering Plants group. Used as a ground cover, but can be invasive. T. ohiensis has glabrous flower stalks and sepals and waxy glaucous stems & leaves. Tradescantia virginiana is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall. Tradescantia virginiana. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Bloom Description: Blue to violet-blue, rarely rose or white, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut. There are dozens of plants that share a close relation to the spiderwort, including The Wandering Jew plant. Regions: Coastal Plain, Mountain, Piedmont, Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade, Habitat: wooded slopes, shale outcrops, moist fields, roadsides. You can find native plants with the same shape, color, size or other characteristics as some of your favorite non-native plants to create attractive and more natural landscapes right in your own yard. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Wildflower of the Year 2008 Virginia Spiderwort Tradescantia virginiana Spiderwort is an herbaceous perennial that arises from a cluster of rather stout overwintering roots. 2. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. WHY NATIVES. Spiderwort is a common wild plant that is also cultivated in gardens in many countries. Tradescantia virginiana is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. Foliage sprawls in an unattractive manner by mid-summer. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Tradescantia ernestiana, sometimes commonly called woodland spiderwort, is a clump-forming perennial that is native to Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. Stems may be solitary or more commonly clumped, and usually grow unbranched, reaching heights up to 40 cm tall. Tradescantia pallida ‘Variegata' produces striped pink-and-red foliage. Description. Tradescantia virginiana, Virginia Spiderwort. Divide clumps when crowded. In some regions, the sale of these species is banned. Annapolis, Maryland 21403, 177 Admiral Cochrane Drive Prev Next Pause Resume. Its alternate name is tradescantia albiflora, although that name has fallen out of use. Virginia spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana, is a perennial native to the deciduous forests of the eastern United States. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. Stems are smooth or bear scattered short hairs. Flowers bloom in succession from late May into early July. In 1637 his son brought a Spiderwot plant back to England from North America where it became a favorite.Virginiana indicates that it is from Virginia. Alternate, lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple. Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated (IUCN) The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species. Good in pots or hanging containers. There are approximately 70 species of this perennial plant, with the Virginia variety being one of the most common. It can be used in pots or as ground cover, and it thrives in full sun with moderate water. Native plants also provide food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and small mammals. Tradescantia virginiana was recognized as the Virginia Native Plant Society’s 2008 Wildflower of the Year. Tradescantia is not overly particular about soil quality, nor does it require watering once established. Tradescantia / ˌ t r æ d ɪ ˈ s k æ n t i ə / is a genus of 75 species of herbaceous perennial wildflowers in the family Commelinaceae, native to the New World from southern Canada to northern Argentina, including the West Indies.Members of the genus are known by the common names spiderwort or Indian paint. It is easy to grow. This also saves time and money. Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. The name Tradescantia commemorates one of the most famous father and son teams in botany John Tradescant, Sr. (died 1638), who travelled to north Russia in 1618 and Algiers in 1620, and John Tradescant, Jr. (1608-1662), who travelled in Virginia in 1654. Annapolis, MD 21401. As the petals fade, they become almost translucent, giving them t… This American hybrid selection has beautiful narrow foliage in a unique steel-blue shade, forming a compact mound that is studded with a summer-long display of … NameThatPlant.net currently features 3810 plants and 23,676 images. By picking native plants that suit local conditions, you can reduce or eliminate the need for fertilizers, pesticides and watering. However some photographs are copyrighted and permission from the photographer may be required. Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. An interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens, woodland or shade gardens, wild gardens or naturalized areas. It can be invasive, but I don't mind! Tradescantia is considered a Category I exotic invasive by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Tradescantia virginiana L. – Virginia spiderwort Subordinate Taxa. Spiderwort is a tall, graceful, beautiful flower with purple petals that open in the sunshine and close as evening descends. Brickell C 2016. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. The common spiderwort plant is part of the Tradescantia genus. No serious insect or disease problems. Arching, iris-like, dark green leaves up to 1' long and 1 inch wide are folded lengthwise forming a groove. Named garden selections offer flowers in white, blue shades, lavender, purple, shades of pink from pale to near-red; these plants are often sold as Tradescantia x andersoniana or as members of the Andersonia Group. non L. * With dark bluish-purple being the most common, white and/or white varigated with blue is the rarest. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). The plants spread by underground stolons forming clumps and grow 2-3 feet tall by 1 foot wide. It sometimes escapes but I like the way it goes on and on for weeks while other flowers are not up yet. May self-sow and become somewhat invasive. Other names for this species include white spider weed, small-leaf spiderwort, or river spiderwort. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Spiderwort has a kind of messy, grass-like form punctuated with quarter-sized flowers that last only one day. T. virginiana, a Southern classic, is also known as spiderwort. A Missouri native plant that is commonly found on open wooded slopes and moist shaded bluff ledges in the eastern part of the State.Genus name honors John Tradescant (1570-1638) and his son John Tradescant (1608-1662), botanists and successive gardeners to Charles I of England.Specific epithet means of Virginia.When the stems of spiderworts are cut, a viscous stem secretion is released which becomes threadlike and silky upon hardening (like a spider's web), hence the common name. Close-up of flowers on Sweet Kate. Flowers bloom all summer. Interestingly, some Noted for its luminous chartreuse foliage, Tradescantia 'Sweet Kate' (Spider Lily) is a compact clump-forming perennial with narrowly lance-shaped bright golden-yellow leaves. Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office, United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database. Spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana, a spring-blooming flower with long, strappy leaves, is a very hardy North American native perennial that is widely grown for its weeks-long bloom period. Tradescantia virginiana was named in honour of a gardener to the King of England - John Tradescant. Most photographs may be used for educational purposes only. small-leaf spiderwort Small-leaf spiderwort ( Tradescantia fluminensis ). Tradescantia virginiana, or Virginia spiderwort, was the first Tradescantia species described. across (5 cm), adorned with showy yellow stamens. Sun or shade; regular to ample water. Tradescantia virginiana (Spiderwort) Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic This showy native, whose genus name honors naturalist John Tradescant, grows in scattered pockets throughout the eastern half of the United States. Key Characteristics. Luckily each plant produces many of them, in leisurely succession. The anther tapetum inTradescantia virginiana L. is of the invasive plasmodial type: the cells lose their walls during early spore meiosis and develop long invasion processes which invade the loculus to penetrate spaces between the sporogenous cells. Tradescantia virginiana is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall. John Jr. … From late spring to midsummer, the foliage is topped by small clusters of three-petaled, violet-blue to purple flowers, up to 2 in. Tradescantia virginiana (Virginia Spiderwort) is a vigorous, clump-forming herbaceous perennial with long, erect or arching, bright-green, narrow leaves. (cult.) For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The plant is not self-fertile. Virginia Spiderwort is a herbaceous clump-forming perennial in the dayflower family that is native to the eastern and central USA and is found in the Piedmont of NC. Dr. Koichi Goka Invasive Species Research Team, Environmental Risk Research Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan 16-2, Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan Replace “(at)” with “@”. Further reading. I found a massive wild population down under a local river bridge that covers several acres, and I've found just about every color you can imagine growing there. 501 Sixth Street Medium-sized forb (40 cm) of dry open forests; leaves lanceolate with swollen clasping bases; flowers purple, clustered at the top of the stem, borne singly on hairy, dropping stalks; sepals green with dense non-glandular hairs. This perennial, similar in look but not related to common spiderwort (Tradescantia spp. Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Tradescantia is a creeping, succulent, multi-branching perennial herb that can form a dense ground cover and root freely at nodes. Cultivars in this group are sometimes given the hybrid name designation Tradescantia x andersoniana . The spiderwort is one of an estimated 71-species in the family. It’s also known as wandering gypsy plant, wandering trad, wandering willie, or inch plant. (cult.) Wetland Status. The name 'wort' was generally given to a plant that was used for medicinal purposes. Spiderwort gets its name because the fluid that seeps from cut stems dries to look like a spider web. Flowers bloom all summer. Description. One of the easiest ways for us to reduce our pollution contribution to the Chesapeake Bay is to replace some of our lawn and typical landscapes with native plants. A tough spiderwort for shady areas, blooming late spring into early summer with bright clusters of flowers held above slender stems. Alternate, lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple. PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS OF CHESAPEAKE WATERSHED, Native Plant Nurseries in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, U.S. To find out if a photograph requires permission contact here. – A rare garden escape (most frequently a mere garden throw-out rather than an escape), found on dumps, by road verges,… First documented from wasteland in Charleroi in 1946 but surely neglected or overlooked for quite some time. Key Characteristics. Young shoots are susceptible to snail damage. Also grown in the garden is the common spiderwort, or widow’s tears (T. virginiana), an upright juicy-stemmed plant with white to pink or purple flowers. Tradescantia virginiana hort. Also can be grown in borders, but mid-summer foliage decline is a potential disincentive for this placement. 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